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保定昌盛果树专用反光膜厂

手机:13831230477

联系人:彭先生

地址:保定市隆兴西路3395号

新闻动态
果树省力化栽培的概念与发展概况
我国是世界第一大果品生产国,其苹果的栽培模式深受日本精细化管理的影响,如套袋、转果、摘叶、铺反光膜等技术的采用耗费大量人工,而目前果树管理用工严重短缺,人工费用不断上涨。因而近几年我国也出现了果园省力化栽培的提法。从世界果树产业发展的趋势看,省力化栽培是潮流,因此深入研究适合本地域特点的果树省力化栽培技术,就成为果树栽培模式转型和产业升级的关键切入点。 Our country is the world's largest producer of fruits, the apple cultivation mode is under the influence of Japanese fine management, such as, the fruit shop, pick a leaf, reflective membrane technology such as the adoption of cost a lot of artificial, and the fruit tree management labor shortages, artificial cost is rising. So in recent years, our country have appeared in the orchard ShengLiHua cultivation. Fruit industry development trends from the world and ShengLiHua cultivation is a trend, so further research is suitable for the local characteristics of fruit trees ShengLiHua cultivation techniques, becomes the fruit cultivation pattern transformation and industrial upgrading of key point. 果树省力化栽培的概念与发展概况 The concept of fruit trees ShengLiHua cultivation and development situation 果树省力化栽培也叫简化栽培或低成本栽培。主要采取矮化密植、生草栽培、肥水一体化自控灌溉、病虫害生物防治、简化修剪和充分利用果园除草、耕作、喷药等机械设施进行果园高效栽培管理.实现果树高产、优质、大果、高糖、矮化、完熟、调节产期的目的。 Fruit tree cultivation is also called the simplified ShengLiHua cultivation cultivation and low cost. Mainly take the dwarf density, grass planting, fertilizer integration control irrigation, plant diseases and insect pests biological control, simplify, spraying, weeding, pruning and make full use of orchard farming machinery facilities such as orchard efficient cultivation management. To achieve high yield, high quality, big fruit, fruit trees, high sugar, dwarf, full ripeness, the purpose of regulating perinatal. 省力化栽培起源于日本,它成功地解决了劳动力成本过高的问题。第二次世界大战后,随着日本工业经济的逐渐发达,年轻人奔向城市发展,日本果树种植者的老龄化和妇女化趋势越来越明显。对于果树管理来说,60~70岁的老龄妇女管理果树,高空作业很危险。因此.日本进行了以矮化和省力化栽培为主要内容的果树栽培模式的改革。在日本.由于果园管理人员老龄化严重,以及果园雇工成本很高。现在每工日费用大约合人民币800~1000元。30多年来,日本的果树工作者一直把矮化问题作为果树研究的重点,先后引进和培育了许多矮化砧木,同时研究了化学控制措施,以及正在进行当中的培育柱状品种等,尤其在苹果栽培方面取得了可喜的进展,有了很广泛的应用。日本近年来一直研究降低树高、简化修剪、无袋栽培、果园生草等一整套“省力化”栽培系统,而且效果显著。 ShengLiHua culture originated in Japan, it has successfully solved the problem of high labor costs. After the second world war, with Japan's industrial economy developed gradually, young people towards the urban development, Japanese fruit growers of ageing and the trend of women more and more obvious. For fruit tree management, management of 60 ~ 70 years old women fruit trees, aerial work is very dangerous. Therefore, Japan has carried on the dwarf and ShengLiHua cultivation as the main content of fruit cultivation mode reform. In Japan. Due to the aging of orchard management is serious, and orchard worker cost is very high. Now every man-days costs about RMB 800 ~ 1000. 30 years, Japan has been the dwarf fruit trees workers problem as a focus in the study of fruit trees, has introduced and cultivated a number of dwarf rootstock, chemical control measures are studied at the same time, as well as the ongoing cultivating columnar varieties, especially in the aspect of apple cultivation made gratifying progress, have a wide range of applications. Japan has been in recent years is to lower the height of the tree, the simplified pruning, no bag cultivation and orchard grass set "ShengLiHua" cultivation system, and the effect is remarkable. 欧美国家的果树栽培一开始就着眼于省工省力,因为他们的果树产业主要是公司制管理和规模较大的家庭农场体制。由于种植规模一般较大,简化修剪、采用矮化树形、广泛使用各种果园专用机械等成为标准配置。他们没有苹果的套袋技术,为了省力在苹果修剪中甚至使用修剪机,各种枝条剪的一样长,剪后成一面墙的篱壁式。 Fruit cultivation of European and American countries start to save labor, because their fruit industry is mainly corporations management and larger family farm system. Due to large scale planting generally, simplified pruning, the dwarf tree and widely used all kinds of orchards dedicated machinery become the standard configuration. They didn't have apple bagging technology, in order to save even used in apple clip clip machine, various branches cut as long, cut into a wall after hedge wall.

联系方式

  1. 公司名称:保定昌盛果树专用反光膜厂
  2. 手机:13831230477
  3. 联系人:彭先生
  4. 地址:保定市隆兴西路3395号

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