联系我们

保定昌盛果树专用反光膜厂

手机:13831230477

联系人:彭先生

地址:保定市隆兴西路3395号

新闻动态
苹果园铺设反光膜技术要点
苹果园铺设反光膜技术已经在全国各主要果区得到大面积推广应用。此项技术由日本引进,经山东、辽宁、陕西等果区的生产实践证明,确实是一项促进苹果全面着色,增加全红果率的行之有效的措施,在果树生产上有着较高的实用价值。
The technology of laying reflective membrane in apple orchard has been widely used in major fruit areas. The technology introduced from Japan by shandong, liaoning, shaanxi GuoQu production practice proved that is indeed a promote apple full color, increase the rate of whole crabapple effective measures, have higher practical value in fruit production.

 
  1、反光膜促进果实着色原理
1. The reflection film promotes the principle of fruit coloring
  果园铺反光膜是通过反光膜对阳光的反射,改善整个果园尤其是树冠下部及内膛的光照条件,从而使这些部位的果实尤其是果实不易着色的部位(如萼洼处)充分着色,增加全红果,进而提高果品外观品质。
Orchard with reflective film is through the reflective film in the reflection of sunshine, to improve the whole orchard, especially the lower canopy and the bore of the light conditions, so that the fruits of these areas, especially the fruit is not easy to chromatic parts (such as calyx dimple) full color, increase the crabapple, fruit appearance quality can be improved.
  
 
2、反光膜的选择
2. Selection of reflective film
  一般可选用由双向拉伸聚丙烯、聚脂铝箔、聚乙烯等材料制成的薄膜。这类薄膜的反光率一般可达60%-70%,比一般普通农用地膜高3-4倍,可连续使用3-5年。
In general, the film can be made from two - way - drawing polypropylene, polypropylene foil, polyethylene and other materials. The reflection rate of this kind of film can generally reach 60-70%, 3-4 times higher than normal agricultural film, and can be used continuously for 3-5 years.
另外,有些地方的果农还采用未裁剪的小食品包装袋(如话梅、雪梅、锅巴等)作反光膜用,这类包装袋内部的颜色为银白色,反光效果也很好。
In addition, some of the fruit by not cutting of small food packaging bags, such as plum, notice, crispy rice, etc.) for reflective film, this kind of bag inside the silver-white color and reflective effect is very good also.

 
    3、铺设方法
3. Laying method
  (1)铺膜时间。套袋果园一般在摘除果袋3-5天后进行,没有套袋的果园宜在采收前30-40天进行。陕西关中及渭北高原果园一般宜在8月中下旬或9月上旬开始铺反光膜,静宁晚熟富士一般在9月下旬到10月上旬铺设反光膜。
(1) film time. The bag orchard is usually taken from 3 to 5 days after the fruit bag is removed, and the orchard without bagged is suitable for 30 to 40 days before harvest. Shaanxi guanzhong and weibei plateau orchards generally begin to be covered with reflective membranes in late August or early September, and the reflective membranes will be laid in late September and early October.
  (2)铺膜前的准备。铺膜前几天应做适当的准备工作。乔化果园可在铺膜前清除树行杂草,用耙子将地整平,有条件的果园还可以将地整成行内高外低的小坡,以防积水影响使用效果。矮化园可随地势铺膜。套袋果园在铺膜前要先除袋,并进行适当的摘叶。为了保证膜的效果,还可修剪、回缩树冠下部拖地裙枝,疏除树冠内遮光较重的长枝,以使更多的阳光投射到反光膜上。
(2) pre-film preparation. Make proper preparations for the first few days. The orchards can clear the trees in front of the film, and use the rakes to smooth the ground. The orchards with the conditions can also line up the lower slopes in order to prevent the water from affecting the use effect. The dwarf garden can be covered with topography. The bag orchard should remove the bag before it is spread and properly pick the leaves. In order to ensure the effect of the film, it can also be pruned, retracted the branches of the lower canopy of the canopy, and the long branches of the canopy in the canopy, so that more sunlight is projected onto the reflective film.
  (3)铺膜方法。顺树行铺,铺在树冠两侧,反光膜的外边与树冠的外缘齐。铺设时将成卷的反光膜放于果园的一端,然后倒退着将膜慢慢滚动展开,边展开边用石头、砖块或绳子压膜,也可将撑技用的树棍抬起压在膜上。压膜不宜用土,以防将反光面弄脏影响反光效果。压膜应注意不要将膜刺破。
(3) coating method. The tree line is spread out on both sides of the canopy. The outer edge of the reflecting film is the outer edge of the crown. When laying put Yu Guoyuan at one end of the roll of reflective film, then the film backwards slowly rolling, a while with stones and bricks or film with a rope, will also hold the skill tree stick up the pressure on the membrane. The pressure film should not be used soil, in case the anti-smooth surface of the impact of the reflection effect. The pressure film should be careful not to puncture the membrane.
  (4)铺膜后的管理。铺膜后注意经常检查,遇到刮风下雨时应及时将被风刮起的膜重新整平,将膜上的泥土、落叶及积水及时清扫干净,保证使用效果。采果前将反光膜收拾干净,卷起并妥善保存,注意爱护和保管,以便来年再用。
(4) post-film management. Pay attention to check frequently after the film, when it is windy and rainy, the film should be cleaned up in time to clean up the soil, leaves and water on the film, so as to ensure the effect. Clean up the reflective membrane before picking fruit, roll up and properly keep it, and take care of it and keep it for the next year.

 
  4、注意事项
4. Precautions
  (1)由于铺设反光膜的成本较高,在铺设时应注意选择果园。对生产高档无公害、外贸出口的果园比较合适,而对综合管理差、果品随行就市出售的果园则收益不大。
(1) due to the high cost of laying the reflective membrane, the orchard should be selected when laying. The orchard that produces high-grade pollution-free, foreign trade export is more appropriate, and the orchards that have mixed management poor, fruit to go to market to sell the orchard gains little.
  (2)铺膜时,应注意与果实套袋、摘叶、转果等其他管理技术结合起来,以增加全红果,生产出高品质的苹果。
(2) when laying the film, it should pay attention to the combination of other management techniques such as bagging, leaf picking and fruit, etc., to increase the whole red fruit and produce high-quality apples.

联系方式

  1. 公司名称:保定昌盛果树专用反光膜厂
  2. 手机:13831230477
  3. 联系人:彭先生
  4. 地址:保定市隆兴西路3395号

版权 © 保定果树专用反光膜厂  网址:www.fanguangmo51.com  推荐:果树反光膜,苹果反光膜,葡萄反光膜,桃树反光膜

网站建设及优化保定遨游网络公司