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保定昌盛果树专用反光膜厂

手机:13831230477

联系人:彭先生

地址:保定市隆兴西路3395号

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苹果树秋季管理的四个注意事项
1、肥水管理
1. The management of fat and water
对未结果树,每株可追施0.15~0.25公斤磷酸二铵;结果大树,可按第二年计划产量,每100公斤果追施纯氮0.7公斤、有效磷0.7公斤,幼树追肥可以明显增加翌年萌芽率。对盛果期大树,连年秋施肥料,在肥料数量、种类相同的情况下,与初夏追肥相比,每株树可增产50公斤左右。
For each tree, 0.15 to 0.25 kg of diammonium phosphate per plant could be applied for each plant. As a result, the yield of second year plan was second years, and 0.7 kg of pure nitrogen and 0.7 kg of effective phosphorus were applied for every 100 kg of fruit, and the germination rate of the young trees could be significantly increased in the following year. Compared with early summer dressing, the yield of each tree can be increased by 50 kg or so when the fertilizer is applied in autumn.

秋季结合防治苹果病虫害,可喷0.3%~0.4%尿素加高磷高钾清液肥料(磷不低于350g/L,钾不低于150g/L)2次。10月中旬,在养分回流期叶面喷施0.3%的尿素一次。
In autumn, combined with the control of apple diseases and insect pests, 0.3% ~ 0.4% urea can be sprayed with high phosphorus and high potassium clear liquid fertilizer (phosphorus is not less than 350g/L, and potassium is not less than 150g/L) for 2 times. In mid October, 0.3% urea was sprayed on the foliar of nutrient reflux stage.

9月份进行秋施基肥(晚熟品种可推迟到10月上中旬),将杂草、树叶、病果等,结合施基肥深埋,同时施入总施肥量的5%的速效氮、磷肥,这对提高土壤肥力水平,促进苹果根系生长有显著作用。根据土壤墒情,可适量浇水,切忌大水漫灌,以免引起秋梢旺长和果实着色。11月中下旬可浇一次冻水,以利于果树越冬。
In September, the autumn fertilizer base fertilizer (late maturing variety can be postponed to the middle of October), weeds, leaves, fruit and so on, combined with base fertilizer deep buried, at the same time applying 5% of the total fertilizer amount of quick nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer, which can improve the soil fertility level and promote the growth of Apple root system has a significant effect. According to soil moisture, water should be watered properly. Avoid flooding with water, so as not to cause autumn shoots to grow and fruit coloring. 11 in the middle and late part of the month, we can sprinkle the frozen water for the sake of overwintering fruit trees.
2、修剪
2, pruning
秋季修剪可改善树体通风透光条件,增加果实着色,提高品质,对增加第二年的花芽量也有明显效果。树冠郁闭时,或外围上层秋梢过多而影响光照时,疏、缩部分嫩梢、徒长枝及长放枝。疏除后留下的长梢可在8月中下旬捋枝软化,以改变其生长极性。树体过于高大,层间辅养枝过多时,可于摘果后适当落头和清理层间枝,但数量不宜过多。秋季拉枝比春季拉枝更易形成花芽,同时可避免产生大量的背上旺枝。对未结果壮树的侧生枝进行拉枝,一般以70 ~80 角为好。此次拉枝具有改善光照,使长梢停止生长、充实新梢、减轻冬剪工作量等作用。
Autumn pruning can improve the ventilation and light transmission conditions of trees, increase fruit coloring and improve quality, and also increase the amount of flower buds for second years. When the canopy is closed or the upper part of the upper part of the canopy is too much, it will affect the light. The long shoots left after being removed can soften the branches in the middle and late 8 months to change their growth polarity. If the tree is too large and the branches are too numerous, the fruit can be properly dropped and cleaned after harvest, but the quantity should not be excessive. In autumn, shoots are easier to form flower buds than branches in spring, and at the same time avoid a lot of sprout branches on their backs. The branches of the non fruited trees are generally branched with 70~80 horns. This branch has the function of improving illumination, stopping the growth of long shoots, enriching new shoots and reducing the workload of winter shearing.

联系方式

  1. 公司名称:保定昌盛果树专用反光膜厂
  2. 手机:13831230477
  3. 联系人:彭先生
  4. 地址:保定市隆兴西路3395号

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